Publication of the United States of America National Interest conducted a comparison of the technical part of the special forces of America and the Russian Federation.
American special forces are formed from a male at the age of no more than 28 years. For 1.5 years, the training part takes place, and after the soldiers get into the so-called "week of hell" - for five days they are tested on a special base with a small supply of food and warm clothes. Then applicants to elite American troops need to run a cross 25 km long and swim 3 km in the open water. At the end of the candidates, heavy physical exertion awaits, which the majority do not stand up to. Only 10% of the male undergo all tests and are entitled to be fighters of special forces.
In the Russian Federation, the selection of special forces is held in a completely different way. For example, in Russia they teach how to use foreign and Russian weapons. This is accompanied by honing the skill at special training grounds. Moreover, special emphasis is placed on training fighters to fight without special equipment, communications, other support troops, and in all weather conditions. Such a spetsnaz fighter impeccably possesses not only weapons, but even without them is able to defend himself with the help of hand-to-hand combat, which is honed in everyday lessons.
According to National Interest, American special forces have an impressive technological advantage. This is confirmed, for example, by the presence of unmanned aerial vehicles MQ-Predator and MQ-Reaper. These drones are able to carry weapons and provide fire support to ground units. Moreover, they are able to monitor and detect at any time of the day using night vision devices and thermal imagers.
"In the troops of the Russian Federation, drones are often used to locate objects and more accurately locate targets for artillery, but not for special forces," reports the American edition. At the same time, in the arsenal of the Russian troops there are such devices as the Outpost and Orlan-10.
The Outpost is designed based on the IAI Searcher Mk. II, an Israeli-made, which is considered an approximate analogue of the American drone MQ-1 Predator. But the Russian drone can not carry a weapon, which limits its ability to directly attack objects.
Orlan-10 is much lighter and its weight is 5 kg, however, in terms of its capabilities, it loses to heavy unmanned aerial vehicles. National Interest believes that the use of such devices by the troops of the Russian Federation is explained by their desire to introduce domestic equipment, as well as its insignificant cost.
US special forces use the latest developments of various devices, such as advanced night vision devices and miniature thermal imagers. So, the American military has on balance AN / PVS-31, in the manufacture of which white phosphorus is used instead of green. "This allows you to increase the detail and reduce the rate of vagueness of the image," - notes the publication.
Domestic night vision devices NSPU and 1P93 do not use white phosphorus, as in the American counterparts. Systems are quite effective, but more are used for surveillance and defense. The publication believes that the technology with white phosphorus is not being developed in the Russian Federation, since the same sights are part of the newest complex of the soldier of the future “Warrior”.
“So,” the publication sums up, ““ American and Russian special forces have different tasks. ” Russia's special forces are more effective in observation and defense, while the United States is better at attacking.